EU and EFTA Member States

(Also to be found with keywords EU, EFTA and European Union)

The following countries form part of the EFTA, EU and other pan-European organisations.

EU (European Union)

The European Union (EU) is formed by a community of 27 member states.

EU member states

Austria Belgium Bulgaria
Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic
Denmark Estonia Finland
France Germany Greece
Hungary Ireland Italy
Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg
Malta Netherlands Poland
Portugal Romania Slovakia
Slovenia Spain Sweden

Every EU citizen is entitled to benefit from his or her right to free movement. According to this right, EU citizens may relocate to other EU member states for working purposes. The same applies for citizens of the so-called EFTA and EEA member states.

Former member states

The United Kingdom left the EU on 31 December 2020. You can read more information on Brexit and au pairing.

EFTA (European Free Trade Association)

The following countries form part of the European Trade Association: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland

EEA (European Economic Area)

The 28 member states of the EU plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway form part of the European Economic Area.

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