Au pair vs. Nanny: what are the differences?

(Also to be found with keywords Nanny and Nanny vs. Au pair)

As regular employees of a family, nannies receive a salary. Au pairs, on the other hand, should be integrated into family activities like a regular family member and receive pocket money during the time of their stay. Besides providing childcare, nannies also take care of the family's household.

Nannies usually have a professional education in the field of childcare and household management and therefore they typically have more experience than au pairs.

In addition, a nanny does not have to come from another country, but an au pair does. The main objective behind an au pair stay (in addition to childcare) is a mutual cultural exchange between au pair and host family, which benefits both parties.

Overview of the differences between an au pair and a nanny

 
Au pair
Nanny
Age
Au pairs are usually between 18-30 years old. There are no age restrictions for nannies.
Tasks
The main responsibility of au pairs is to help the host family with childcare and light housework. Nannies usually take care of the family's children and housework.
Work permit/ visa
In many countries there is a special au-pair visa. In some countries no visa is required (European au-pairs in the EU). Nannies, who would like to work abroad need in most cases a work permit or a visa. Most nannies work in their own country.
Working hours
The maximum working hours of an au pair depends on the host country and should be stipulated in a contract.  Working hours are discussed with the family and are determined by the labour laws of the country.
Relation to family
The au pair is a temporary family member. The nanny is employed by the family.
Salary
The au pair receives monthly/weekly pocket money from the host family. A nanny is paid by the family and earns at least the minimum wage of the respective country.

Related topics:

What will my tasks as an au pair be?
Hosting an au pair - the right thing for us?